Rigid-body discretization of continuum elements was developed as a method for simplifying the kinematics of otherwise complex systems. Recent work on pseudo-rigid-body (PRB) models for compliant mechanisms has opened up the possibility of using similar concepts for synthesis and design, while incorporating various types of flexible elements within the same framework. In this paper, an idea for combining initially curved and straight beams within planar compliant mechanisms is developed to create a set of equations that can be used to analyze various designs and topologies. A PRB model with three revolute joints is derived to approximate the behavior of initially curved compliant beams, while treating straight beams as a special case (zero curvature). The optimized model parameter values are tabled for a range of arc angles. The general kinematic and static equations for a single-loop mechanism are shown, with an example to illustrate accuracy for shape and displacement. Finally, this framework is used for the design of a compliant constant force mechanism to illustrate its application, and comparisons with finite element analysis (FEA) are provided for validation.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Mechanical Design, Transactions of the ASME|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2018|