Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a severe blood malignancy associated with a high relapse rate. The current clinical chemotherapy is typically perplexed with serious side effects. Here, A6 peptide-tagged, small and reduction-sensitive polymersomal vincristine sulfate (A6-cPS-VCR) is reported as a novel, smart and specific treatment for CD44 positive AML. A6-cPS-VCR stably loaded with 3.3 wt% VCR displays a size of ≈ 31 nm and pronounced selectivity toward CD44-overexpressed MV4-11 leukemia cells. Intriguingly, A6-cPS-VCR effectively represses the outgrowth of orthotopic MV4-11 AML in vivo, as revealed by significant reduction of leukemia burdens in the circulation, bone marrow, liver and spleen, and significantly extends the median survival time of MV4-11 AML-bearing mice. In addition to active targetability and therapeutic benefits, A6-cPS-VCR has the advantage of easy fabrication, rendering it potentially interesting for clinical translation.
- Targeted chemotherapy
- Targeted delivery