AC loss and contact resistance in REBCO CORC®, Roebel, and stacked tape cables

K. Yagotintsev, V.A. Anvar*, P. Gao, M.J. Dhalle, T.J. Haugan, D.C. van der Laan, J.D. Weiss, M.S.A. Hossain, A. Nijhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Many high-temperature superconductor (HTS) applications require superconducting cables with high currents while operating in an alternating magnetic field. HTS cables should be composed of numerous superconducting tapes to achieve the required current capacity. Alternating current and magnetic fields cause AC losses in such cables and can provoke conductor instability. AC losses and contact resistances were measured of several cable designs based on commercially available REBCO tapes at the University of Twente. The AC loss was measured under identical conditions for eight REBCO conductors manufactured according to three types of cabling methods - CORC® (Conductor on Round Core), Roebel, and stacked tape, including a full-size REBCO CICC (cable in conduit conductor). The measurements were done at T = 4.2 K without transport current in a sinusoidal AC magnetic field of 0.4 T amplitude and frequencies from 5 to 55 mHz. The AC loss was measured simultaneously by calibrated gas flow calorimeter utilizing the helium boil-off method and by the magnetization method using pick-up coils. Also, the AC loss of two CORC® conductors and a Roebel cable was measured at 77 K. Each conductor was measured with and without background field of 1 T. The measured AC coupling loss in the CORC® and Roebel conductors is negligible at 4.2 K for the applied conditions while at 77 K coupling loss was observed for all conductors. The absence of coupling loss at 4.2 K can be explained by shielding of the conductor interior; this is confirmed with measurement and calculation of the penetration field of CORC® and Roebel cables. The inter-tape contact resistance was measured for CORC® and stacked tape samples at 4.2 and 77 K. It was demonstrated that a short heat treatment of CORC® conductor with solder-coated tapes activates tape-to-tape soldering and decreases the contact resistance. The reduction of contact resistance by two orders in magnitude to tens of nΩm is comparable with the interstrand contact resistance in ITER Nb3Sn type conductors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085009
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • CORC®
  • High temperature Superconductor
  • Penetration field
  • REBCO
  • Roebel cable
  • Stacked tape conductor
  • Coated conductors
  • CORC (R)

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