Acceptance of the Artificial Pancreas: Comparing the Effect of Technology Readiness, Product Characteristics, and Social Influence Between Invited and Self-Selected Respondents

Tamara Oukes, Helga Blauw, Arianne C. van Bon, J. Hans DeVries, Ariane M. von Raesfeld Meijer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Background:
    Psychosocial factors that may affect acceptance of artificial pancreas (AP) systems have been investigated in small sample sizes of highly motivated, self-selected persons with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) with a focus on product characteristics. We aimed to develop a valid survey to investigate the association of technology readiness and social influence with AP acceptance in a larger sample, including both self-selected and invited respondents with T1DM.
    Methods:
    An online survey was developed based on established questionnaires. Intention to use the AP was chosen as measure of AP acceptance. T1DM patients who signed up themselves for scientific research into AP systems represented the self-selected group, while patients treated at a teaching hospital represented the invited group. Questionnaire values were compared using independent t-tests and regression analyses.
    Results:
    The developed survey showed reliability and validity. The survey was completed by 425 self-selected and 109 invited persons. Intention to use the AP was high in both groups, but was significantly higher among self-selected respondents. In both groups, intention to use the AP was most strongly related to product compatibility, followed by product complexity, technology readiness, and product usefulness among invited respondents; and followed by product usefulness and technology innovativeness among self-selected respondents.
    Conclusions:
    Product characteristics have a stronger relationship with AP acceptance than technology readiness, while social influence does not seem to be associated with AP acceptance. As the (strength of) factors differ between self-selected and invited persons, researchers and product developers should be cautious when relying on self-selected persons with T1DM in the design, development, and testing of AP systems.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)899-909
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of diabetes science and technology
    Volume13
    Issue number5
    Early online date15 Jan 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

    Keywords

    • UT-Hybrid-D

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