Accessibility, equity and efficiency. Part 1: Introduction

Karst Teunis Geurs, T. Dentinho, R. Patuelli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

Abstract

The tension between efficiency and equity has been the focus of major debate since equity aspects started to be considered as part of project evaluation procedures (Thomopoulos et al. 2009). In this book, we contribute to the debate by focusing on the links and trade-offs between accessibility, economic efficiency and equity in both the developed and developing country contexts. Accessibility is a concept that has been central to physical planning and spatial modelling for more than 50 years. Accessibility can be viewed as a product of the land use and transport systems, and describes the extent to which land use and transport systems enable (groups of) individuals to reach activities or destinations by means of a (combination of) transport mode(s) (Geurs and van Wee 2004). From the literature it is clear that accessibility is linked to economic efficiency and equity. In general, increased accessibility resulting from a transport project is considered an important user benefit for people and firms. A traveller can make a trip at less cost or greater convenience; there might be less congestion, and more destinations may be reached in the same time. For firms, firstly, a reduction in interaction cost may increase efficiency of production (that is, time saved can be used in productive activities), and may become more competitive and attract more customers. Secondly, improved commuting conditions may improve the labour market, giving rise to improved productivity. However, the linkage between accessibility and spatial economic development is not straightforward.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAccessibility, equity and efficiency. Challenges for transport and public services
EditorsK.T. Geurs, R. Patuelli, T. Dentinho
Place of PublicationNorthampton, USA
PublisherEdward Elgar
Pages3-8
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781784717889
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameNectar Series on Transportation and Communications Network Research
PublisherEdward Elgar

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Keywords

  • IR-101303
  • METIS-313674

Cite this

Geurs, K. T., Dentinho, T., & Patuelli, R. (2016). Accessibility, equity and efficiency. Part 1: Introduction. In K. T. Geurs, R. Patuelli, & T. Dentinho (Eds.), Accessibility, equity and efficiency. Challenges for transport and public services (pp. 3-8). (Nectar Series on Transportation and Communications Network Research). Northampton, USA: Edward Elgar.