Accumulating is Theories Using a Network Approach towards Meta-Analysis

Lidwien van de Wijngaert, Karianne Vermaas, Sjaak Brinkkemper, Harry Bouwman

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adoption and usage of new information and communication technologies (ICT) have been investigated from different theoretical points of view, such as Diffusion of Innovations (DOI; Rogers, 1995) and the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM; Davis, 1989). Numerous empirical studies are available, but systematic reviews that accumulate the results are not abundant.
Meta-analysis is a way to accumulate the results of scientific research. Usually, a meta-analysis study focuses on investigating collected empirical results with regard to a single hypothesis. In this research we take a broader perspective by adding principles of network analysis to the basics of meta-analysis. This encompasses that we consider the concepts (or variables) in the hypotheses of relevant scientific papers and use them as the nodes in a network. Moreover, the presupposed relations between the concepts (also depicted in the hypotheses) are the links between nodes. The concept network that emerges can subsequently be analyzed in terms of e.g. density and degree. In order to test the robustness of a theory we compare the network of theoretically posed relations to the network of relations that are empirically validated and found significant. The paper describes the use of this approach towards meta-analysis as well as a tool that supports the approach: the Open Knowledge Infrastructure (OpenKI). This publicly accessible online database allows storage and retrieval of hypotheses and meta-information of scientific papers.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes
Event16th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2008 - Galway, Ireland
Duration: 9 Jun 200811 Jun 2008
Conference number: 16

Conference

Conference16th European Conference on Information Systems, ECIS 2008
Abbreviated titleECIS
CountryIreland
CityGalway
Period9/06/0811/06/08

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