Accurate Coil Positioning is Important for Single and Paired Pulse TMS on the Subject Level

Annika A. de Goede (Corresponding Author), Esther M. Ter Braack, Michel J.A.M. van Putten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
147 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Function-guided navigation is commonly used when assessing cortical excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, the required accuracy, stability and the effect of a change in coil positioning are not entirely known. This study investigates the accuracy of function-guided navigation for determining the hotspot. Furthermore, it evaluates the effect of a change in coil location on the single and paired pulse excitability measures: motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, TMS evoked potential (TEP) and long intracortical inhibition (LICI), and of a change in coil orientation on LICI. Eight healthy subjects participated in the single pulse study, and ten in the paired pulse study. A robot-guided navigation system was used to ensure accurate and stable coil positioning at the motor hotspot as determined using function-guided navigation. In addition, we targeted four locations at 2 mm and four at 5 mm distance around the initially defined hotspot, and we increased and decreased the coil orientation by 10°. In none of the subjects, the largest MEP amplitudes were evoked at the originally determined hotspot, resulting in a poor accuracy of function-guided navigation. At the group level, a change in coil location had no significant effect on the MEP amplitude, TEP, or LICI, and a change in coil orientation did not significantly affected LICI. However, at the subject level significant effects on MEP amplitude, TEP, and LICI were found for changes in coil location or orientation, although absolute differences were relatively small and did not show a consistent pattern. This study indicates that a high accuracy in coil positioning is especially required to measure cortical excitability reliably in individual subjects using single or paired pulse TMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-930
Number of pages14
JournalBrain topography
Volume31
Issue number6
Early online date25 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

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Motor Evoked Potentials
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Evoked Potentials
Healthy Volunteers
Cortical Excitability

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Function-guided navigation
  • Location
  • Orientation
  • TMS
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • Coil positioning

Cite this

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title = "Accurate Coil Positioning is Important for Single and Paired Pulse TMS on the Subject Level",
abstract = "Function-guided navigation is commonly used when assessing cortical excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, the required accuracy, stability and the effect of a change in coil positioning are not entirely known. This study investigates the accuracy of function-guided navigation for determining the hotspot. Furthermore, it evaluates the effect of a change in coil location on the single and paired pulse excitability measures: motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, TMS evoked potential (TEP) and long intracortical inhibition (LICI), and of a change in coil orientation on LICI. Eight healthy subjects participated in the single pulse study, and ten in the paired pulse study. A robot-guided navigation system was used to ensure accurate and stable coil positioning at the motor hotspot as determined using function-guided navigation. In addition, we targeted four locations at 2 mm and four at 5 mm distance around the initially defined hotspot, and we increased and decreased the coil orientation by 10°. In none of the subjects, the largest MEP amplitudes were evoked at the originally determined hotspot, resulting in a poor accuracy of function-guided navigation. At the group level, a change in coil location had no significant effect on the MEP amplitude, TEP, or LICI, and a change in coil orientation did not significantly affected LICI. However, at the subject level significant effects on MEP amplitude, TEP, and LICI were found for changes in coil location or orientation, although absolute differences were relatively small and did not show a consistent pattern. This study indicates that a high accuracy in coil positioning is especially required to measure cortical excitability reliably in individual subjects using single or paired pulse TMS.",
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author = "{de Goede}, {Annika A.} and {Ter Braack}, {Esther M.} and {van Putten}, {Michel J.A.M.}",
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}

Accurate Coil Positioning is Important for Single and Paired Pulse TMS on the Subject Level. / de Goede, Annika A. (Corresponding Author); Ter Braack, Esther M.; van Putten, Michel J.A.M.

In: Brain topography, Vol. 31, No. 6, 11.2018, p. 917-930.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Accurate Coil Positioning is Important for Single and Paired Pulse TMS on the Subject Level

AU - de Goede, Annika A.

AU - Ter Braack, Esther M.

AU - van Putten, Michel J.A.M.

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N2 - Function-guided navigation is commonly used when assessing cortical excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, the required accuracy, stability and the effect of a change in coil positioning are not entirely known. This study investigates the accuracy of function-guided navigation for determining the hotspot. Furthermore, it evaluates the effect of a change in coil location on the single and paired pulse excitability measures: motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, TMS evoked potential (TEP) and long intracortical inhibition (LICI), and of a change in coil orientation on LICI. Eight healthy subjects participated in the single pulse study, and ten in the paired pulse study. A robot-guided navigation system was used to ensure accurate and stable coil positioning at the motor hotspot as determined using function-guided navigation. In addition, we targeted four locations at 2 mm and four at 5 mm distance around the initially defined hotspot, and we increased and decreased the coil orientation by 10°. In none of the subjects, the largest MEP amplitudes were evoked at the originally determined hotspot, resulting in a poor accuracy of function-guided navigation. At the group level, a change in coil location had no significant effect on the MEP amplitude, TEP, or LICI, and a change in coil orientation did not significantly affected LICI. However, at the subject level significant effects on MEP amplitude, TEP, and LICI were found for changes in coil location or orientation, although absolute differences were relatively small and did not show a consistent pattern. This study indicates that a high accuracy in coil positioning is especially required to measure cortical excitability reliably in individual subjects using single or paired pulse TMS.

AB - Function-guided navigation is commonly used when assessing cortical excitability using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). However, the required accuracy, stability and the effect of a change in coil positioning are not entirely known. This study investigates the accuracy of function-guided navigation for determining the hotspot. Furthermore, it evaluates the effect of a change in coil location on the single and paired pulse excitability measures: motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, TMS evoked potential (TEP) and long intracortical inhibition (LICI), and of a change in coil orientation on LICI. Eight healthy subjects participated in the single pulse study, and ten in the paired pulse study. A robot-guided navigation system was used to ensure accurate and stable coil positioning at the motor hotspot as determined using function-guided navigation. In addition, we targeted four locations at 2 mm and four at 5 mm distance around the initially defined hotspot, and we increased and decreased the coil orientation by 10°. In none of the subjects, the largest MEP amplitudes were evoked at the originally determined hotspot, resulting in a poor accuracy of function-guided navigation. At the group level, a change in coil location had no significant effect on the MEP amplitude, TEP, or LICI, and a change in coil orientation did not significantly affected LICI. However, at the subject level significant effects on MEP amplitude, TEP, and LICI were found for changes in coil location or orientation, although absolute differences were relatively small and did not show a consistent pattern. This study indicates that a high accuracy in coil positioning is especially required to measure cortical excitability reliably in individual subjects using single or paired pulse TMS.

KW - UT-Hybrid-D

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KW - Location

KW - Orientation

KW - TMS

KW - Transcranial magnetic stimulation

KW - Coil positioning

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DO - 10.1007/s10548-018-0655-6

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 917

EP - 930

JO - Brain topography

JF - Brain topography

SN - 0896-0267

IS - 6

ER -