Adaptive Explicit Kernel Minkowski Weighted K-means

Amir Aradnia, Maryam Amir Haeri*, Mohammad Mehdi Ebadzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)
    18 Downloads (Pure)


    The K-means algorithm is among the most commonly used data clustering methods. However, the regular K-means can only be applied in the input space, and it is applicable when clusters are linearly separable. The kernel K-means, which extends K-means into the kernel space, is able to capture nonlinear structures and identify arbitrarily shaped clusters. However, kernel methods often operate on the kernel matrix of the data, which scale poorly with the size of the matrix, or suffer from the high clustering cost due to the repetitive calculations of kernel values. Another issue is that algorithms access the data only through evaluation of K(xi,xj), which limits many processes that can be done on data through the clustering task. This paper proposes a method to combine the advantages of the linear and nonlinear approaches by using derived corresponding approximate finite-dimensional feature maps based on spectral analysis. Applying approximate finite-dimensional feature maps have been discussed before only in the context of Support Vector Machines (SVM) problems. We suggest using this method in the kernel K-means context as it does not require storing a huge kernel matrix in memory, calculates cluster centers more efficiently, and accesses the data explicitly in the feature space; thus taking advantage of K-means extensions in that space. We demonstrate that our Explicit Kernel Minkowski Weighted K-means (Explicit KMWK-means) method is able to achieve high accuracy in terms of cluster recovery in the new space by applying additional Minkowski exponent and feature weights. The proposed method is evaluated by four benchmark data sets, and its performance is compared with the commonly used kernel clustering approaches. Experiments show the proposed method consistently achieves superior clustering performances while reducing the memory consumption.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)503-518
    Number of pages16
    JournalInformation sciences
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


    • Features map
    • K-means
    • Kernel clustering
    • Minkowski metric
    • UT-Hybrid-D


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