Adaptive sparse norm and nonlocal total variation methods for image smoothing

Qiegen Liu*, Biao Xiong, Minghui Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
113 Downloads (Pure)


In computer vision and graphics, it is challenging to decompose various texture/structure patterns from input images. It is well recognized that how edges are defined and how this prior information guides smoothing are two keys in determining the quality of image smoothing. While many different approaches have been reported in the literature, sparse norm and nonlocal schemes are two promising tools. In this study, by integrating a texture measure as the spatially varying data-fidelity/smooth-penalty weight into the sparse norm and nonlocal total variation models, two new methods are presented for feature/structure-preserving filtering. The first one is a generalized relative total variation (i.e., GRTV) method, which improves the contrast-preserving and edge stiffness-enhancing capabilities of the RTV by extending the range of the penalty function's norm from 1 to [0, 1]. The other one is a nonlocal version of generalized RTV (i.e., NLGRTV) for which the key idea is to use a modified texture-measure as spatially varying penalty weight and to replace the local candidate pixels with the nonlocal set in the smooth-penalty term. It is shown that NLGRTV substantially improves the performance of decomposition for regions with faint pixel-boundary.

Original languageEnglish
Article number426125
Number of pages18
JournalMathematical problems in engineering
Publication statusPublished - 28 Dec 2014




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