Adding the temporal domain to PET radiomic features

Willemke Antonia Noortman*, Dennis Vriens, Cornelis Herman Slump, Johan Bussink, Tineke W H Meijer, Lioe-Fee de Geus-Oei, Floris H.P. van Velden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Radiomic features, extracted from positron emission tomography, aim to characterize tumour biology based on tracer intensity, tumour geometry and/or tracer uptake heterogeneity. Currently, radiomic features are derived from static images. However, temporal changes in tracer uptake might reveal new aspects of tumour biology. This study aims to explore additional information of these novel dynamic radiomic features compared to those derived from static or metabolic rate images. Methods: Thirty-five patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma underwent dynamic [18F]FDG PET/CT scans. Spatial intensity, shape and texture radiomic features were derived from volumes of interest delineated on static PET and parametric metabolic rate PET. Dynamic grey level cooccurrence matrix (GLCM) and grey level run length matrix (GLRLM) features, assessing the temporal domain unidirectionally, were calculated on eight and sixteen time frames of equal length. Spearman's rank correlations of parametric and dynamic features with static features were calculated to identify features with potential additional information. Survival analysis was performed for the non-redundant temporal features and a selection of static features using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: Three out of 90 parametric features showed moderate correlations with corresponding static features (ρ≥0.61), all other features showed high correlations (ρ>0.7). Dynamic features are robust independent of frame duration. Five out of 22 dynamic GLCM features showed a negligible to moderate correlation with any static feature, suggesting additional information. All sixteen dynamic GLRLM features showed high correlations with static features, implying redundancy. Log-rank analyses of Kaplan-Meier survival curves for all features dichotomised at the median were insignificant. Conclusion: This study suggests that, compared to static features, some dynamic GLCM radiomic features show different information, whereas parametric features provide minimal additional information. Future studies should be conducted in larger populations to assess whether there is a clinical benefit of radiomics using the temporal domain over traditional radiomics.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0239438
Number of pages12
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2020

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