Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique

João Carrilho, Marisa Balas, Mario Ruy Marques, Zileque Macate, C.H.J. Lemmen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

Abstract

This article is part of a series of studies that have been conducted regarding the process of systematic registration of land rights in Mozambique, both for communities and individual occupants. The methodology adopted to support the systematic registration, combines the delimitation of community lands and the registration of individual parcels. According to the proposed methodology, the outline of community boundaries must be established before individual rights are captured, and that must be the result of a consultative and participatory process. It is known that various conflicts between neighboring communities and individual users result from boundary disputes. Furthermore, when considering the concepts of “continuum of rights” and “bundle of rights” (UN-HABITAT, 2008), provision should be made for overlapping and sharing of rights in the same parcel (Agustinus & Lemmen, 2011). If not taken care of, systematic land rights recordation can lead to an increase of conflict situations. Therefore, one of the main challenges requiring solutions through the methodology is that of boundaries: administrative, inter-communities and inter-parcels. These potentially conflicting situations occur more frequently in border areas, where there is no correspondence between the administrative division and community circumscription. While some discrepancies arise from the technical cartographic process or in relation to both reliability and precision of representation, with different sources, there are real uncertainties and overlaps, generally not covered by field staff and their data collection instruments. Field staff, also generally, does not allow for the possibility of the same area being adjudicated to two communities or individuals simultaneously. The solution proposed by the authors is to explicitly incorporate the knowledge of these discrepancies, particularly those rooted in history since the commencing of the colonial regime and, with that, the consultative process, into the programs of systematic registration of community and individual lands, by introducing a category of areas of potential overlap and or uncertainty as to rights and users.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages24
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2019
Event20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation - Washington DC, United States
Duration: 25 Mar 201929 Mar 2019
https://www.conftool.com/landandpoverty2019/sessions.php

Conference

Conference20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation
CountryUnited States
CityWashington DC
Period25/03/1929/03/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

delimitation
Mozambique
community
methodology
uncertainty
staff
conflict situation
UNO
regime
history

Keywords

  • Community Delimitations, Administrative Limits, Land Cadastre
  • ITC-GOLD

Cite this

Carrilho, J., Balas, M., Ruy Marques, M., Macate, Z., & Lemmen, C. H. J. (2019). Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique. Paper presented at 20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation, Washington DC, United States.
Carrilho, João ; Balas, Marisa ; Ruy Marques, Mario ; Macate, Zileque ; Lemmen, C.H.J. / Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique. Paper presented at 20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation, Washington DC, United States.24 p.
@conference{18dba91318584038b3ed2a9e430ebc5b,
title = "Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique",
abstract = "This article is part of a series of studies that have been conducted regarding the process of systematic registration of land rights in Mozambique, both for communities and individual occupants. The methodology adopted to support the systematic registration, combines the delimitation of community lands and the registration of individual parcels. According to the proposed methodology, the outline of community boundaries must be established before individual rights are captured, and that must be the result of a consultative and participatory process. It is known that various conflicts between neighboring communities and individual users result from boundary disputes. Furthermore, when considering the concepts of “continuum of rights” and “bundle of rights” (UN-HABITAT, 2008), provision should be made for overlapping and sharing of rights in the same parcel (Agustinus & Lemmen, 2011). If not taken care of, systematic land rights recordation can lead to an increase of conflict situations. Therefore, one of the main challenges requiring solutions through the methodology is that of boundaries: administrative, inter-communities and inter-parcels. These potentially conflicting situations occur more frequently in border areas, where there is no correspondence between the administrative division and community circumscription. While some discrepancies arise from the technical cartographic process or in relation to both reliability and precision of representation, with different sources, there are real uncertainties and overlaps, generally not covered by field staff and their data collection instruments. Field staff, also generally, does not allow for the possibility of the same area being adjudicated to two communities or individuals simultaneously. The solution proposed by the authors is to explicitly incorporate the knowledge of these discrepancies, particularly those rooted in history since the commencing of the colonial regime and, with that, the consultative process, into the programs of systematic registration of community and individual lands, by introducing a category of areas of potential overlap and or uncertainty as to rights and users.",
keywords = "Community Delimitations, Administrative Limits, Land Cadastre, ITC-GOLD",
author = "Jo{\~a}o Carrilho and Marisa Balas and {Ruy Marques}, Mario and Zileque Macate and C.H.J. Lemmen",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "25",
language = "English",
note = "20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation ; Conference date: 25-03-2019 Through 29-03-2019",
url = "https://www.conftool.com/landandpoverty2019/sessions.php",

}

Carrilho, J, Balas, M, Ruy Marques, M, Macate, Z & Lemmen, CHJ 2019, 'Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique' Paper presented at 20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation, Washington DC, United States, 25/03/19 - 29/03/19, .

Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique. / Carrilho, João; Balas, Marisa ; Ruy Marques, Mario; Macate, Zileque; Lemmen, C.H.J.

2019. Paper presented at 20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation, Washington DC, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique

AU - Carrilho, João

AU - Balas, Marisa

AU - Ruy Marques, Mario

AU - Macate, Zileque

AU - Lemmen, C.H.J.

PY - 2019/3/25

Y1 - 2019/3/25

N2 - This article is part of a series of studies that have been conducted regarding the process of systematic registration of land rights in Mozambique, both for communities and individual occupants. The methodology adopted to support the systematic registration, combines the delimitation of community lands and the registration of individual parcels. According to the proposed methodology, the outline of community boundaries must be established before individual rights are captured, and that must be the result of a consultative and participatory process. It is known that various conflicts between neighboring communities and individual users result from boundary disputes. Furthermore, when considering the concepts of “continuum of rights” and “bundle of rights” (UN-HABITAT, 2008), provision should be made for overlapping and sharing of rights in the same parcel (Agustinus & Lemmen, 2011). If not taken care of, systematic land rights recordation can lead to an increase of conflict situations. Therefore, one of the main challenges requiring solutions through the methodology is that of boundaries: administrative, inter-communities and inter-parcels. These potentially conflicting situations occur more frequently in border areas, where there is no correspondence between the administrative division and community circumscription. While some discrepancies arise from the technical cartographic process or in relation to both reliability and precision of representation, with different sources, there are real uncertainties and overlaps, generally not covered by field staff and their data collection instruments. Field staff, also generally, does not allow for the possibility of the same area being adjudicated to two communities or individuals simultaneously. The solution proposed by the authors is to explicitly incorporate the knowledge of these discrepancies, particularly those rooted in history since the commencing of the colonial regime and, with that, the consultative process, into the programs of systematic registration of community and individual lands, by introducing a category of areas of potential overlap and or uncertainty as to rights and users.

AB - This article is part of a series of studies that have been conducted regarding the process of systematic registration of land rights in Mozambique, both for communities and individual occupants. The methodology adopted to support the systematic registration, combines the delimitation of community lands and the registration of individual parcels. According to the proposed methodology, the outline of community boundaries must be established before individual rights are captured, and that must be the result of a consultative and participatory process. It is known that various conflicts between neighboring communities and individual users result from boundary disputes. Furthermore, when considering the concepts of “continuum of rights” and “bundle of rights” (UN-HABITAT, 2008), provision should be made for overlapping and sharing of rights in the same parcel (Agustinus & Lemmen, 2011). If not taken care of, systematic land rights recordation can lead to an increase of conflict situations. Therefore, one of the main challenges requiring solutions through the methodology is that of boundaries: administrative, inter-communities and inter-parcels. These potentially conflicting situations occur more frequently in border areas, where there is no correspondence between the administrative division and community circumscription. While some discrepancies arise from the technical cartographic process or in relation to both reliability and precision of representation, with different sources, there are real uncertainties and overlaps, generally not covered by field staff and their data collection instruments. Field staff, also generally, does not allow for the possibility of the same area being adjudicated to two communities or individuals simultaneously. The solution proposed by the authors is to explicitly incorporate the knowledge of these discrepancies, particularly those rooted in history since the commencing of the colonial regime and, with that, the consultative process, into the programs of systematic registration of community and individual lands, by introducing a category of areas of potential overlap and or uncertainty as to rights and users.

KW - Community Delimitations, Administrative Limits, Land Cadastre

KW - ITC-GOLD

UR - https://ezproxy2.utwente.nl/login?url=https://library.itc.utwente.nl/login/2019/conf/lemmen_add.pdf

M3 - Paper

ER -

Carrilho J, Balas M, Ruy Marques M, Macate Z, Lemmen CHJ. Addressing fuzzy boundaries in community delimitations for systematic cadaster in Mozambique. 2019. Paper presented at 20th Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2019: Catalyzing Innovation, Washington DC, United States.