The in vitro adhesion and spreading of human endothelial cells (HEC) on hydrophobic poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PETP) and moderately wettable tissue culture polyethylene terephthalate) (TCPETP) were studied with light microscopy and electron microscopy. Numbers of HEC adhering on TCPETP were always higher than those found on PETP. When cells were seeded in the presence of serum, extensive cell spreading on both PETP and TCPETP was observed after the first 30 min. Thereafter, spread cells appeared to withdraw from the PETP surface, resulting in irregularly shaped cells. Complete cell spreading occurred on TCPETP. Complete cell spreading also occurred on PETP and TCPETP when HEC had first been seeded from phosphate buffer solution and serum was supplied after 30 min. Furthermore, HEC spread on both PETP and TCPETP when the surfaces were precoated with protein(s), which promotes cell adhesion. However, when plasma was used for the coating, spread cells did not proliferate in a monolayer pattern. This study shows that TCPETP is, in general, a better surface for adhesion and proliferation of HEC than is PETP, suggesting that vascular prostheses with a TCPETP-like surface will perform better in vivo than prostheses made of PETP.
- Cell adhesion
- Poly(ethylene terephthalate)