We study the adhesion between differently processed glass and filled bromobutyl rubber in dry conditions, in water, and in silicone oil. The boundary line between contact and non-contact in adhesion experiments can be considered as a mode I crack, and we show that viscoelastic energy dissipation, close to the opening (or closing) crack tip and surface roughness, strongly affects the work of adhesion. We observe strong adhesion hysteresis and, in contrast to the Johnson–Kendall–Roberts theory prediction for elastic solids, this results in a pull-off force (and work of adhesion) which depends on the loading force and contact time. In particular, for the system immersed in water and silicone oil, we register very weak adhesive bonding. For glass ball with baked-on silicone oil, the pull-off force is nearly independent of the contact time, but this is not observed for the unprocessed glass surface.
- n/a OA procedure