Adopted walking condition for computational simulation approach on bearing of hip joint prosthesis: review over the past 30 years

J. Jamari, Muhammad Imam Ammarullah*, Gatot Santoso, S. Sugiharto, Toto Supriyono, Muki Satya Permana, Tri Indah Winarni, Emile van der Heide

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)


Bearing on artificial hip joint experiences friction, wear, and surface damage that impact on overall performance and leading to failure at a particular time due to continuous contact that endangers the user. Assessing bearing hip joint using clinical study, experimental testing, and mathematical formula approach is challenging because there are some obstacles from each approach. Computational simulation is an effective alternative approach that is affordable, relatively fast, and more accessible than other approaches in examining various complex conditions requiring extensive resources and several different parameters. In particular, different gait cycles affect the sliding distance and distribution of gait loading acting on the joints. Appropriate selection and addition of gait cycles in computation modelling are crucial for accurate and reliable prediction and analysis of bearing performance such as wear a failure of implants. However, a wide spread of gait cycles and loading data are being considered and studied by researchers as reported in literature. The current article describes a comprehensive literature review adopted walking condition that has been carried out to study bearing using computational simulation approach over the past 30 years. Many knowledge gaps related to adoption procedures, simplification, and future research have been identified to obtain bearing analysis results with more realistic computational simulation approach according to physiological human hip joints.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12050
Issue number12
Early online date5 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Computational simulation
  • Hip joint prosthesis
  • Hip resurfacing
  • Human hip joint
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Walking condition


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