Adsorption of halogenated hydrocarbons from aqueous solutions by wetted and non-wetted hydrophobic and hydrophilic sorbents: equilibria

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Abstract

Single-solute adsorption equilibria of 1,1,1-trichloroethane, 1,1,2-trichloroethane, trichloroethene, trans-1,2-dichloroethene, chloroform, 2,4-dichorophenol, and dichloromethane dissolved in water have been measured, using both wetted and nonwetted hydrophobic Amberlite XAD-4 resin at 20 °C. The results could be described by means of Freundlich isotherms indicating the heterogeneity of the Amberlite XAD-4 surface. Wetted and nonwetted Amberlite XAD-4 showed identical adsorption capacities. The influence of the ionic strength on the adsorption capacity of Amberlite XAD-4 for 1,1,1-trichloroethane has been measured by adding KCl to the aqueous solution. The apparent adsorption capacity was found to increase with salt concentration due to the salting-out effect. Adsorption equilibria of dichloromethane, which is generally regarded as a key component with regard to water treatment demands, have also been measured using several other synthetic resins, as well as activated carbon. The order of increasing adsorption capacity was found to be Amberlite XAD-7 < Amberlite XAD-4 ≈ Dowex XUS 43493.00 < Norit ROW 0.8 SUPRA < Ambersorb XE-572 < Ambersorb XE-563.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)1139-1145
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of chemical and engineering data
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • METIS-106422
  • IR-82891

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