Advanced Oxidation Processes Coupled to Nanofiltration Membranes with Catalytic Fe0 Nanoparticles in Symmetric and Asymmetric Polyelectrolyte Multilayers

Tao Wang, Enrique Serra Bachs, Joris de Grooth, Wiebe M. de Vos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The in situ synthesis of Fe0 particles using poly-(acrylic acid) (PAA) is an effective tool for fabricating catalytic membranes relevant to advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). Through their synthesis in polyelectrolyte multilayer-based nanofiltration membranes, it becomes possible to reject and degrade organic micropollutants simultaneously. In this work, we compare two approaches, where Fe0 nanoparticles are synthesized in or on symmetric multilayers and asymmetric multilayers. For the membrane with symmetric multilayers (4.0 bilayers of poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC)/PAA), the in situ synthesized Fe0 increased its permeability from 1.77 L/m2/h/bar to 17.67 L/m2/h/bar when three Fe2+ binding/reducing cycles were conducted. Likely, the low chemical stability of this polyelectrolyte multilayer allows it to become damaged through the relatively harsh synthesis. However, when the in situ synthesis of Fe0 was performed on top of asymmetric multilayers, which consist of 7.0 bilayers of the very chemically stable combination of PDADMAC and poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS), coated with PDADMAC/PAA multilayers, the negative effect of the Fe0 in situ synthesized can be mitigated, and the permeability only increased from 1.96 L/m2/h/bar to 2.38 L/m2/h/bar with three Fe2+ binding/reducing cycles. The obtained membranes with asymmetric polyelectrolyte multilayers exhibited an excellent naproxen treatment efficiency, with over 80% naproxen rejection on the permeate side and 25% naproxen removal on the feed solution side after 1 h. This work demonstrates the potential of especially asymmetric polyelectrolyte multilayers to be effectively combined with AOPs for the treatment of micropollutants (MPs).

Original languageEnglish
Article number388
JournalMembranes
Volume13
Issue number4
Early online date28 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • advanced oxidation processes
  • asymmetric polyelectrolytes multilayers
  • catalytic membranes
  • in situ synthesis

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