Adversarial risks in social experiments with new technologies

Wolter Pieters, Francien Dechesne

Abstract

Studies that approach the deployment of new technologies as social experiments have mostly focused on unintentional effects, notably safety. We argue for the inclusion of adversarial risks or security aspects that are the result of intentional, strategic behavior of actors, who aim at using the technology for their own purposes. Examples include cybercrime and terrorist use of materials obtained from nuclear facilities. Our general question is how the approach of new technologies as social experiments can be adapted or extended to account for such aspects. To this end, we re-interpret adversarial risks in social experiments in terms of actor-network theory, highlighting how intentional actions involving new technologies are different from unintentional events, by focusing on how actors form new networks with new technologies (composition), thus enabling new programs of action (translation). We also derive a typology of ways in which intentional (mis)use of new technologies creates risks, using the Bitcoin distributed currency as an example. Both contribute to conceptualizing adversarial risks in social experiments, as well as laying bare options for learning about adversarial risks during such experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExperimentation beyond the laboratory: new perspectives on technology
EditorsIbo van der Poel, Lotte Asveld, Donna C. Mehos
Place of PublicationOxford, UK
PublisherRoutledge
ISBN (Print)9781138204010
StatePublished - 2017

Publication series

Name
PublisherRoutledge

Fingerprint

new technology
experiment
risk
security
actor-network-theory
action
example
currency
deployment
typology
translation
inclusion
facility
material
purpose
network
technology
behavior
learning
program

Keywords

  • IR-101921
  • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/318003
  • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/2007-2013
  • EWI-27378

Cite this

Pieters, W., & Dechesne, F. (2017). Adversarial risks in social experiments with new technologies. In I. van der Poel, L. Asveld, & D. C. Mehos (Eds.), Experimentation beyond the laboratory: new perspectives on technology Oxford, UK: Routledge.

Pieters, Wolter; Dechesne, Francien / Adversarial risks in social experiments with new technologies.

Experimentation beyond the laboratory: new perspectives on technology. ed. / Ibo van der Poel; Lotte Asveld; Donna C. Mehos. Oxford, UK : Routledge, 2017.

Research output: ScientificChapter

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Pieters, W & Dechesne, F 2017, Adversarial risks in social experiments with new technologies. in I van der Poel, L Asveld & DC Mehos (eds), Experimentation beyond the laboratory: new perspectives on technology. Routledge, Oxford, UK.

Adversarial risks in social experiments with new technologies. / Pieters, Wolter; Dechesne, Francien.

Experimentation beyond the laboratory: new perspectives on technology. ed. / Ibo van der Poel; Lotte Asveld; Donna C. Mehos. Oxford, UK : Routledge, 2017.

Research output: ScientificChapter

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Pieters W, Dechesne F. Adversarial risks in social experiments with new technologies. In van der Poel I, Asveld L, Mehos DC, editors, Experimentation beyond the laboratory: new perspectives on technology. Oxford, UK: Routledge. 2017.