Aerial Vehicles Tracking Using Noncoherent Crowdsourced Wireless Networks

Hazem Sallouha, Alessandro Chiumento, Sofie Pollin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


Air traffic management (ATM) of manned and unmanned aerial vehicles (AVs) relies critically on ubiquitous location tracking. While technologies exist for AVs to broadcast their location periodically and for airports to track and detect AVs, methods to verify the broadcast locations and complement the ATM coverage are urgently needed, addressing anti-spoofing and safe coexistence concerns. In this work, we propose an ATM solution by exploiting noncoherent crowdsourced wireless networks (CWNs) and correcting the inherent clock-synchronization problems present in such non-coordinated sensor networks. While CWNs can provide a great number of measurements for ubiquitous ATM, these are normally obtained from unsynchronized sensors. This article first presents an analysis of the effects of lack of clock synchronization in ATM with CWN and provides solutions based on the presence of few trustworthy sensors in a large non-coordinated network. Secondly, autoregressive-based and long short-term memory (LSTM)-based approaches are investigated to achieve the time synchronization needed for localization of the AVs. Finally, a combination of a multilateration (MLAT) method and a Kalman filter is employed to provide an anti-spoofing tracking solution for AVs. We demonstrate the performance advantages of our framework through a dataset collected by a real-world CWN. Our results show that the proposed framework achieves localization accuracy comparable to that acquired using only GPS-synchronized sensors and outperforms the localization accuracy obtained based on state-of-the-art CWN synchronization methods.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9512485
Pages (from-to)10780-10791
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE transactions on vehicular technology
Issue number10
Early online date12 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • Location awareness
  • Synchronization
  • Receivers
  • Clocks
  • Radar tracking
  • Radar
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles
  • 22/2 OA procedure


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