The morphology of high-modulus carbon-fiber (HM-CF) reinforced isotactic polypropylene (iPP) was investigated for the first time by atomic force microscopy (AFM) using chemically etched specimens. The images exhibited α-transcrystalline morphology for samples crystallized from quiescent melts, nucleated by HM-CF. In melts sheared by fiber pulling, αβ-cylindritic columnar morphology was observed in agreement with earlier thermo-optical studies. AFM images in the interfacial region of the β-cylindrites unveiled fine morphological details of α-row nuclei. Based on the observations, we concluded that in β-cylindrites, the lamellar growth in α-row nuclei occurs during epitaxial crystallization on bundles of extended iPP chains which form during shearing of the polymer matrix by fiber pull.