Agent-based model of the growth of an informal settlement in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: An empirically informed concept

Gina Felicia Young*, J. Flacke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper discusses the use of empirical evidence to derive the concept for a spatially explicit agent-based model that simulates land-use change in an informal settlement in the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Dar es Salaam's informal settlements are home to 70 - 80% of the city's residents and are characterized by high housing densities, unstructured road infrastructure and inadequate water, electricity, and sewerage services. However, they differ from typical Sub-Saharan informal settlements in two main ways: First they consist of residents with varying socioeconomic backgrounds, specifically income, education, and type of employment. Second, plots of land are not squatted on. The main purpose of the research is to develop the concept for an agent-based model for informal settlement growth derived from empirical findings. The model concentrates on the economic aspects of the spatial growth, but also includes other socioeconomic and biophysical elements. Empirical evidence on household behaviour was acquired via a questionnaire survey in which data on personal details, plot and house details, location preferences, and the housing development process was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModelling for Environment's Sake
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 5th Biennial Conference of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, iEMSs 2010
PublisherBrigham Young University
Pages708-715
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9788890357411
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010
Event5th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software 2010: Modelling for Environment's Sake - Ottawa, Canada
Duration: 5 Jul 20108 Jul 2010
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameModelling for Environment's Sake: Proceedings of the 5th Biennial Conference of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, iEMSs 2010
Volume1

Conference

Conference5th International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software 2010
Abbreviated titleiEMSs 2010
CountryCanada
CityOttawa
Period5/07/108/07/10

Keywords

  • Evidence driven agent-based model
  • Housing
  • Informal settlement growth

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    Young, G. F., & Flacke, J. (2010). Agent-based model of the growth of an informal settlement in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: An empirically informed concept. In Modelling for Environment's Sake: Proceedings of the 5th Biennial Conference of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, iEMSs 2010 (pp. 708-715). (Modelling for Environment's Sake: Proceedings of the 5th Biennial Conference of the International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, iEMSs 2010; Vol. 1). Brigham Young University.