Alertness, movement, and affective behaviour of people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) on introduction of a playful interactive product: Can we get your attention?

R.W. van Delden* (Corresponding Author), S.C. Wintels, W.M.W.J. van Oorsouw, V. Evers, P. J.C.M. Embregts, D.K.J. Heylen, D. Reidsma

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)
    51 Downloads (Pure)


    Background: New technology may stimulate active leisure activities for people with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD). We conducted a study of an interactive ball that responded to gross body movement, focus of attention, and vocalisations of users with PIMD. The aim was to increase alertness and body movement and elicit more expressions of positive, or fewer of negative affect.

    Method: Nine participants with PIMD played during 8–10 sessions. The movement was analysed automatically. Alertness and affective behaviour were coded manually. We analysed the last 5 sessions for each participant and compared 15 min of interaction with 15 min of rest.

    Results: Clearly positive effects were seen for three participants. Effects were seen in the unexpected direction for four participants. No strong effects were found for the remaining three participants.

    Conclusions: Interactive technologies may provide suitable activities for people with PIMD but individual differences play an important role.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)66-77
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
    Issue number1
    Early online date21 Mar 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 2020



    • UT-Hybrid-D
    • alertness
    • interactive play
    • Leisure activities
    • movement
    • profound intellectual and multiple disabilities
    • affect

    Cite this