Alternative secondary accelerator for silica-filled natural rubber formulations

Wisut Kaewsakul, Kannika Sahakaro, Wilma K. Dierkes, Jacobus W.M. Noordermeer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Dithiophosphate (DTP) displays a good efficiency towards improved overall properties of silica-reinforced natural rubber compounds, when it is used as secondary accelerator in a sulfenamide primary accelerated sulfur vulcanization system. Comparing DTP with diphenylguanidine (DPG), DTP is more reactive and gives lower reversion leading to a lower amount required for vulcanization and better aging properties. An increase of chemically bound rubber content accompanied with a lowered Payne effect is obtained when secondary accelerator is used. A potential coupling ability of DTP can be postulated. The optimal amounts of DTP and DPG are approximately 0.8 and 1.1 phr, i.e. 1.4 and 2.0 wt% relative to silica content, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalKGK Kautschuk, Gummi, Kunststoffe
Issue number9 (2013)
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • METIS-299841
  • IR-88394


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