Alzheimer's disease detection via automatic 3D caudate nucleus segmentation using coupled dictionary learning with level set formulation

Saif Dawood Salman Al-shaikhli*, Michael Ying Yang, Bodo Rosenhahn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
3 Downloads (Pure)


Background and objective This paper presents a novel method for Alzheimer's disease classification via an automatic 3D caudate nucleus segmentation. Methods The proposed method consists of segmentation and classification steps. In the segmentation step, we propose a novel level set cost function. The proposed cost function is constrained by a sparse representation of local image features using a dictionary learning method. We present coupled dictionaries: a feature dictionary of a grayscale brain image and a label dictionary of a caudate nucleus label image. Using online dictionary learning, the coupled dictionaries are learned from the training data. The learned coupled dictionaries are embedded into a level set function. In the classification step, a region-based feature dictionary is built. The region-based feature dictionary is learned from shape features of the caudate nucleus in the training data. The classification is based on the measure of the similarity between the sparse representation of region-based shape features of the segmented caudate in the test image and the region-based feature dictionary. Results The experimental results demonstrate the superiority of our method over the state-of-the-art methods by achieving a high segmentation (91.5%) and classification (92.5%) accuracy. Conclusions In this paper, we find that the study of the caudate nucleus atrophy gives an advantage over the study of whole brain structure atrophy to detect Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalComputer methods and programs in biomedicine
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016


  • 3D segmentation
  • Alzheimer
  • Caudate nucleus
  • Dictionary learning
  • MRI-T1 medical image
  • 2023 OA procedure


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