Ambulatory measurement of arm orientation

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    In order to evaluate the impact of neuromuscular disorders affecting the upper extremities, the functional use of the arm need to be evaluated during daily activities. A system suitable for measuring arm kinematics should be ambulatory and not interfere with activities of daily living. A measurement system based on miniature accelerometers and gyroscopes is adequate because the sensors are small and do not suffer from line of sight problems. A disadvantage of such sensors is the cumulative drift around the vertical and the problems with aligning the sensor with the segment. A method that uses constraints in the elbow to measure the orientation of the lower arm with respect to the upper arm is described. This requires a calibration method to determine the exact orientation of each of the sensors with respect to the segment. Some preliminary measurements were analyzed and they indicated a strong reduction in orientation error around the vertical. It seemed that the accuracy of the method is limited by the accuracy of the sensor to segment calibration.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)78-85
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of biomechanics
    Issue number1/1
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


    • Upper-extremities
    • Kinematics
    • Elbow
    • EWI-8580
    • Gyroscope
    • METIS-241956
    • IR-61440
    • Accelerometer
    • Inertial Sensors
    • BSS-Biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology

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