Amino-functionalized microporous hybrid silica membranes

Goulven Paradis, R. Kreiter, M.M.A. van Tuel, Arian Nijmeijer, J.F. Vente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study describes the effect of the incorporation of amino-functionalized terminating groups on the behaviour and performance of an organic–inorganic hybrid silica membrane. A primary amine, a mixed primary and secondary amine, and an imidazole functionality were selected. The molar ratio of the amino-functionalized precursors in the matrix forming 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE) precursor was varied in the range of 25–100 mol%. Strong water adsorption, which remains at temperatures up to 523 K, was found for all membranes. The observed low gas permeances and contrasting high water fluxes in pervaporation were explained in relation to the strong water adsorption. XPS measurements indicate a relation between the concentration of amino functional groups in the hybrid layers and the starting amine concentration of the sols. XPS measurements also revealed the existence of a maximum loading of the amino-functionalized precursor. Depending on the precursor, a maximum N/Si element ratio between 0.07 and 0.45 was found. At amine concentrations higher than a precursor dependent threshold value, membrane selectivity is constant over the range of amine concentrations. For alcohol/water (95/5 wt%) feed mixtures, the observed water concentrations in the permeate were over 90 wt% for EtOH and 95 wt% for n-BuOH dehydration
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7258-7264
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of materials chemistry
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Silicon Dioxide
Amines
Silica
Membranes
Water
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Adsorption
Pervaporation
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Sols
Ethane
Dehydration
Functional groups
Alcohols
Gases
Fluxes
Temperature

Keywords

  • METIS-286755
  • IR-80912

Cite this

Paradis, G., Kreiter, R., van Tuel, M. M. A., Nijmeijer, A., & Vente, J. F. (2012). Amino-functionalized microporous hybrid silica membranes. Journal of materials chemistry, 22(15), 7258-7264. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm15417j
Paradis, Goulven ; Kreiter, R. ; van Tuel, M.M.A. ; Nijmeijer, Arian ; Vente, J.F. / Amino-functionalized microporous hybrid silica membranes. In: Journal of materials chemistry. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 15. pp. 7258-7264.
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abstract = "The present study describes the effect of the incorporation of amino-functionalized terminating groups on the behaviour and performance of an organic–inorganic hybrid silica membrane. A primary amine, a mixed primary and secondary amine, and an imidazole functionality were selected. The molar ratio of the amino-functionalized precursors in the matrix forming 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE) precursor was varied in the range of 25–100 mol{\%}. Strong water adsorption, which remains at temperatures up to 523 K, was found for all membranes. The observed low gas permeances and contrasting high water fluxes in pervaporation were explained in relation to the strong water adsorption. XPS measurements indicate a relation between the concentration of amino functional groups in the hybrid layers and the starting amine concentration of the sols. XPS measurements also revealed the existence of a maximum loading of the amino-functionalized precursor. Depending on the precursor, a maximum N/Si element ratio between 0.07 and 0.45 was found. At amine concentrations higher than a precursor dependent threshold value, membrane selectivity is constant over the range of amine concentrations. For alcohol/water (95/5 wt{\%}) feed mixtures, the observed water concentrations in the permeate were over 90 wt{\%} for EtOH and 95 wt{\%} for n-BuOH dehydration",
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Paradis, G, Kreiter, R, van Tuel, MMA, Nijmeijer, A & Vente, JF 2012, 'Amino-functionalized microporous hybrid silica membranes' Journal of materials chemistry, vol. 22, no. 15, pp. 7258-7264. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2jm15417j

Amino-functionalized microporous hybrid silica membranes. / Paradis, Goulven; Kreiter, R.; van Tuel, M.M.A.; Nijmeijer, Arian; Vente, J.F.

In: Journal of materials chemistry, Vol. 22, No. 15, 2012, p. 7258-7264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Amino-functionalized microporous hybrid silica membranes

AU - Paradis, Goulven

AU - Kreiter, R.

AU - van Tuel, M.M.A.

AU - Nijmeijer, Arian

AU - Vente, J.F.

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N2 - The present study describes the effect of the incorporation of amino-functionalized terminating groups on the behaviour and performance of an organic–inorganic hybrid silica membrane. A primary amine, a mixed primary and secondary amine, and an imidazole functionality were selected. The molar ratio of the amino-functionalized precursors in the matrix forming 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE) precursor was varied in the range of 25–100 mol%. Strong water adsorption, which remains at temperatures up to 523 K, was found for all membranes. The observed low gas permeances and contrasting high water fluxes in pervaporation were explained in relation to the strong water adsorption. XPS measurements indicate a relation between the concentration of amino functional groups in the hybrid layers and the starting amine concentration of the sols. XPS measurements also revealed the existence of a maximum loading of the amino-functionalized precursor. Depending on the precursor, a maximum N/Si element ratio between 0.07 and 0.45 was found. At amine concentrations higher than a precursor dependent threshold value, membrane selectivity is constant over the range of amine concentrations. For alcohol/water (95/5 wt%) feed mixtures, the observed water concentrations in the permeate were over 90 wt% for EtOH and 95 wt% for n-BuOH dehydration

AB - The present study describes the effect of the incorporation of amino-functionalized terminating groups on the behaviour and performance of an organic–inorganic hybrid silica membrane. A primary amine, a mixed primary and secondary amine, and an imidazole functionality were selected. The molar ratio of the amino-functionalized precursors in the matrix forming 1,2-bis(triethoxysilyl)ethane (BTESE) precursor was varied in the range of 25–100 mol%. Strong water adsorption, which remains at temperatures up to 523 K, was found for all membranes. The observed low gas permeances and contrasting high water fluxes in pervaporation were explained in relation to the strong water adsorption. XPS measurements indicate a relation between the concentration of amino functional groups in the hybrid layers and the starting amine concentration of the sols. XPS measurements also revealed the existence of a maximum loading of the amino-functionalized precursor. Depending on the precursor, a maximum N/Si element ratio between 0.07 and 0.45 was found. At amine concentrations higher than a precursor dependent threshold value, membrane selectivity is constant over the range of amine concentrations. For alcohol/water (95/5 wt%) feed mixtures, the observed water concentrations in the permeate were over 90 wt% for EtOH and 95 wt% for n-BuOH dehydration

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