Ammonia Production Technologies

Kevin Hendrik Reindert Rouwenhorst, Piotr Marek Krzywda, Nieck E. Benes, Guido Mul, Leon Lefferts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

3882 Downloads (Pure)


Ammonia is produced from nitrogen and hydrogen. In this chapter, the historical development of synthetic ammonia synthesis is discussed, starting with the premise of a Malthusian disaster, after which biological nitrogen fixation and synthetic nitrogen fixation are elaborated upon. The techno-economic aspects of the electrolysis- and biomass-based, green ammonia synthesis processes, based on the current Haber–Bosch process, are the focus of the main part of this chapter. Afterwards, an overview is provided with nonconventional technologies, which may be relevant for future applications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechno-Economic Challenges of Green Ammonia as Energy Vector
EditorsAgustin Valera-Medina, Rene Banares-Alcantara
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-12-820560-0
Publication statusPublished - 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Ammonia Production Technologies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this