Ammonia sensors and their applications - a review

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    857 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Many scientific papers have been written concerning gas sensors for different sensor applications using several sensing principles. This review focuses on sensors and sensor systems for gaseous ammonia. Apart from its natural origin, there are many sources of ammonia, like the chemical industry or intensive life-stock. The survey that we present here treats different application areas for ammonia sensors or measurement systems and different techniques available for making selective ammonia sensing devices. When very low concentrations are to be measured, e.g. less than 2 ppb for environmental monitoring and 50 ppb for diagnostic breath analysis, solid-state ammonia sensors are not sensitive enough. In addition, they lack the required selectivity to other gasses that are often available in much higher concentrations. Optical methods that make use of lasers are often expensive and large. Indirect measurement principles have been described in literature that seems very suited as ammonia sensing devices. Such systems are suited for miniaturization and integration to make them suitable for measuring in the small gas volumes that are normally available in medical applications like diagnostic breath analysis equipment.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)666-677
    Number of pages12
    JournalSensors and actuators. B: Chemical
    Volume107
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005

    Keywords

    • EWI-18361
    • Ammonia
    • IR-51071
    • Gas sensors
    • METIS-224028
    • Miniaturization

    Cite this

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    title = "Ammonia sensors and their applications - a review",
    abstract = "Many scientific papers have been written concerning gas sensors for different sensor applications using several sensing principles. This review focuses on sensors and sensor systems for gaseous ammonia. Apart from its natural origin, there are many sources of ammonia, like the chemical industry or intensive life-stock. The survey that we present here treats different application areas for ammonia sensors or measurement systems and different techniques available for making selective ammonia sensing devices. When very low concentrations are to be measured, e.g. less than 2 ppb for environmental monitoring and 50 ppb for diagnostic breath analysis, solid-state ammonia sensors are not sensitive enough. In addition, they lack the required selectivity to other gasses that are often available in much higher concentrations. Optical methods that make use of lasers are often expensive and large. Indirect measurement principles have been described in literature that seems very suited as ammonia sensing devices. Such systems are suited for miniaturization and integration to make them suitable for measuring in the small gas volumes that are normally available in medical applications like diagnostic breath analysis equipment.",
    keywords = "EWI-18361, Ammonia, IR-51071, Gas sensors, METIS-224028, Miniaturization",
    author = "B.H. Timmer and Wouter Olthuis and {van den Berg}, Albert",
    year = "2005",
    month = "6",
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    language = "Undefined",
    volume = "107",
    pages = "666--677",
    journal = "Sensors and actuators. B: Chemical",
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    Ammonia sensors and their applications - a review. / Timmer, B.H.; Olthuis, Wouter; van den Berg, Albert.

    In: Sensors and actuators. B: Chemical, Vol. 107, No. 2, 06.2005, p. 666-677.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    T1 - Ammonia sensors and their applications - a review

    AU - Timmer, B.H.

    AU - Olthuis, Wouter

    AU - van den Berg, Albert

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    N2 - Many scientific papers have been written concerning gas sensors for different sensor applications using several sensing principles. This review focuses on sensors and sensor systems for gaseous ammonia. Apart from its natural origin, there are many sources of ammonia, like the chemical industry or intensive life-stock. The survey that we present here treats different application areas for ammonia sensors or measurement systems and different techniques available for making selective ammonia sensing devices. When very low concentrations are to be measured, e.g. less than 2 ppb for environmental monitoring and 50 ppb for diagnostic breath analysis, solid-state ammonia sensors are not sensitive enough. In addition, they lack the required selectivity to other gasses that are often available in much higher concentrations. Optical methods that make use of lasers are often expensive and large. Indirect measurement principles have been described in literature that seems very suited as ammonia sensing devices. Such systems are suited for miniaturization and integration to make them suitable for measuring in the small gas volumes that are normally available in medical applications like diagnostic breath analysis equipment.

    AB - Many scientific papers have been written concerning gas sensors for different sensor applications using several sensing principles. This review focuses on sensors and sensor systems for gaseous ammonia. Apart from its natural origin, there are many sources of ammonia, like the chemical industry or intensive life-stock. The survey that we present here treats different application areas for ammonia sensors or measurement systems and different techniques available for making selective ammonia sensing devices. When very low concentrations are to be measured, e.g. less than 2 ppb for environmental monitoring and 50 ppb for diagnostic breath analysis, solid-state ammonia sensors are not sensitive enough. In addition, they lack the required selectivity to other gasses that are often available in much higher concentrations. Optical methods that make use of lasers are often expensive and large. Indirect measurement principles have been described in literature that seems very suited as ammonia sensing devices. Such systems are suited for miniaturization and integration to make them suitable for measuring in the small gas volumes that are normally available in medical applications like diagnostic breath analysis equipment.

    KW - EWI-18361

    KW - Ammonia

    KW - IR-51071

    KW - Gas sensors

    KW - METIS-224028

    KW - Miniaturization

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