Four weeks after a holiday in Kenya a 57-year-old woman developed a fever up to 40°C, right upper abdominal pain, icteric sclerae, nausea and vomiting. Laboratory tests revealed leukocytosis (24 400/μl), markedly accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (123 mm/h) and moderately increased activity of liver enzymes in serum. The liver was unremarkable on ultrasound. Four days after hospitalization the patient complained of dyspnoea and pleuritic pain. Ultrasound examination and computed tomography showed an abscess in the right lobe of the liver. Amoebic abscess of the liver being the most likely diagnosis, although the relevant serological tests were unmarkable and a titre increase occurred only later, treatment was started with metronidazole (four times 500 mg daily intravenously) and paromomycin (three times 10 mg/kg daily). He condition significantly improved within a day. Two weeks later, however, she developed chest pain, dyspnoea and cough productive of large amounts of white-yellow sputum, even though antibiotic treatment was continuing. A transdiaphragmatic rupture of the abscess with formation of a hepatobronchial fistula proved to be the cause of these symptoms. The patient was treated surgically by drainage and suturing-over the extensive diaphragmatic defect and after 2 weeks she was discharged symptom-free on a maintenance dose of diloxanide furoate (three times 500 mg/d orally).
|Translated title of the contribution||Amoebid abscess of the liver with hepatobronchial fistula|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1994|