An annotation scheme for sighs in spontaneous dialogue

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    Abstract

    Sighs are non-verbal vocalisations that can carry important information about a speaker's emotional (and psychological) state. Although sighs are commonly associated with negative emotions (e.g. giving up on something, 'a sigh of despair', sadness), sighs can also be associated with positive emotions such as relief. In order to gain a better understanding of sighing as a social and affective signal in dialogue, and to advance towards an automatic classification and interpretation of the emotional content of sighs, it is necessary to learn more about the various phonetic characteristics of sighs. To that end, we developed an annotation scheme for sighs that takes the variation in phonetic form into account. Using this scheme, an oral history corpus containing emotionally-coloured dialogues was annotated for sighs. Results show that sighs can be annotated with a sufficient level of reliability (Cohen's Kappa of 0.713), and that indeed, various types of sighs can be identified as well (Cohen's Kappa between 0.637 and 0.805). Through a preliminary analysis of emotional content words, indications were found that certain types of sighs can be associated with specific emotional contexts.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH 2014)
    PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
    Pages228-232
    Number of pages5
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
    Event15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2014 - Singapore, Singapore
    Duration: 14 Sep 201418 Sep 2014
    Conference number: 15

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherInternational Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
    ISSN (Print)2308-457X

    Conference

    Conference15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH 2014
    Abbreviated titleINTERSPEECH
    CountrySingapore
    CitySingapore
    Period14/09/1418/09/14

    Keywords

    • EWI-25525
    • METIS-307518
    • IR-94101

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  • Cite this

    Truong, K. P., Westerhof, G. J., de Jong, F. M. G., & Heylen, D. K. J. (2014). An annotation scheme for sighs in spontaneous dialogue. In Proceedings of the 15th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (INTERSPEECH 2014) (pp. 228-232). International Speech Communication Association (ISCA).