An approach for monitoring and classifying marshlands using multispectral remote sensing imagery in arid and semi-arid regions

Sadiq Al-Maliki, Taha I.M. Ibrahim*, Gusztáv Jakab, Malihe Masoudi, Jamal S. Makki, Z. Vekerdy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
140 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Marshlands in arid and semi-arid areas are considered constantly changing environments due to unsecured water supplies as a result of high evapotranspiration and limited and highly variable rainfall. Classification of marshlands in these regions and mapping of their land cover is not an easy task and maps need to be upgraded frequently. Satellites provide enormous amounts of information and data for the continuous monitoring of changes. The aim of this paper is to introduce an approach using multispectral satellite imagery that was adopted to classify and monitor the Al Hammar Marsh (Iraq) over several years and to suggest a relationship between the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), the Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI), and the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), using Landsat 8 data with a resolution of 30 m × 30 m, validated with Sentinel-2 datasets at 10 m × 10 m. Six land cover classes were used: (1) open water, (2) dry area, (3) dense vegetation, (4) medium-density vegetation, (5) sparse vegetation, and (6) wet soil. Three indices, NDWI, NDMI, and NDVI, were chosen for the automatic classification of each pixel and the creation of a time series of land cover maps. The proposed method can efficiently classify and monitor marshlands and can be used to study different marshlands by adjusting the thresholds for NDVI, NDMI, and NDWI. Overall, the correlation for all classes (R) between Landsat 8 and Sentinel-2 is about 0.78. Thus, this approach will help to preserve marshes through improved water management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1523
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2022

Keywords

  • Al Hammar marsh
  • Land cover mapping
  • NDMI
  • NDVI
  • NDWI
  • Vegetation monitoring
  • Wetlands
  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE
  • ITC-GOLD

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