An assessment of human impacts on endangered red pandas living in the Himalaya

Saroj Panthi, Tiejun Wang* (Corresponding Author), Yiwen Sun, Arjun Thapa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
169 Downloads (Pure)


Anthropogenic factors play an important role in shaping the distribution of wildlife species and their habitats, and understanding the influence of human activities on endangered species can be key to improving conservation efforts as well as the implementation of national strategies for sustainable development. Here, we used species distribution modeling to assess human impacts on the endangered red panda (Ailurus fulgens) in high‐altitude regions of Nepal. We found that the distance to paths (tracks used by people and animals), livestock density, human population density, and annual mean temperature were the most important factors determining the habitat suitability for red pandas in Nepal. This is the first study that attempts to use comprehensive environmental and anthropogenic variables to predict habitat suitability for the red pandas at a national level. The suitable habitat identified by this study is important and could serve as a baseline for the development of conservation strategies for the red panda in Nepal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13413-13425
Number of pages13
JournalEcology and evolution
Issue number23
Early online date7 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019


  • distance to path
  • anthropogenic variables
  • human population density
  • ecological niche model
  • livestock density
  • habitat suitability


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