An experimental and numerical assessment of sheet-bulk formability of mild steel DC04

Celal Soyarslan*, Dennis P.F. Fassmann, Bjrn Plugge, Kerim Isik, Lukas Kwiatkowski, Mirko Schaper, Alexander Brosius, A. Erman Tekkaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents investigations on development of a new way of teeth-forming, which is related to sheet-bulk metal forming, with application of incremental bulk forming process to sheets. For this purpose, a combined experimental-numerical study on damage assessment in sheet-bulk forming of DC04 is presented. Using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and glow discharge optical emission spectrometry (GDOS), a combined quantitativequalitative metallurgical survey is carried out on undeformed specimens to illuminate microstructural aspects in the context of nonmetallic inclusion content, distribution and size which act as prime failure factors. These surveys are extended to monitor ductile damage accumulation with cavitation at different stages of the incremental sheet indentation process over certain sections. An anticipated failure mode is captured where formability is limited by severe macro-cracking preceded by localization with void sheeting. To this end, using a developed VUMAT subroutine for the micromechanically based Gurson damage model which is recently enhanced for shear fracture, the processes are simulated in ABAQUSExplicit and comparisons with experiments are provided. The results support the requirement of integrating powerful coupled accumulative damage models in the virtual process design procedure for sheet-bulk metal forming. This requirement also arises from distinct features of these class of processes from conventional sheet metal forming processes which preclude use of forming limit curves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number061008
JournalJournal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number6
Early online date1 Dec 2011
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • DC04
  • ductile fracture
  • shear modified Gurson model
  • sheet-bulk forming
  • strain localization


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