An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients

Grada Berendina Prange, T. Krabben, G.J. Renzenbrink, Jan de Boer, Hermanus J. Hermens, M.J.A. Jannink

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After stroke, arm function can be limited by a reduction in the selectivity of movements, due to involuntary coupling of shoulder abduction and elbow flexion, limiting the ability to reach. Gravity compensation reduces the required active shoulder abduction torques, which results in a larger range of motion instantaneously. However, the effect of a longer-term application of gravity compensation on functional reach is largely unknown. Integration of a motivating rehabilitation game in the training program stimulates motor relearning processes during training. During 6 weeks, 8 chronic stroke patients received 3 sessions of 30 minutes gravity compensated reach training per week using a rehabilitation game, which was evaluated by assessing motor status and reach performance before and after training. After gravity compensation training, reach distance and direction had improved in a majority of chronic stroke patients. The present findings indicate that gravity compensation in combination with rehab games can be a valuable training modality for stroke rehabilitation.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publication11th IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009
PublisherIEEE
Pages867-872
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)1945-7898
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2009
EventIEEE 11th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009: Reaching Users & the Community - Kyoto International Conference Center, Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 23 Jun 200926 Jun 2009
Conference number: 11

Publication series

Name
PublisherIEEE
ISSN (Print)1945-7898

Conference

ConferenceIEEE 11th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009
Abbreviated titleICORR
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period23/06/0926/06/09

Keywords

  • IR-76478
  • METIS-276775
  • chronic stroke patients
  • Stroke rehabilitation
  • elbow flexion
  • motor relearning processes
  • Arm function
  • BSS-Biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology
  • EWI-19874
  • reach performance
  • shoulder abduction
  • Gravity compensation training

Cite this

Prange, G. B., Krabben, T., Renzenbrink, G. J., de Boer, J., Hermens, H. J., & Jannink, M. J. A. (2009). An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients. In 11th IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009 (pp. 867-872). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2009.5209537
Prange, Grada Berendina ; Krabben, T. ; Renzenbrink, G.J. ; de Boer, Jan ; Hermens, Hermanus J. ; Jannink, M.J.A. / An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients. 11th IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009. IEEE, 2009. pp. 867-872
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title = "An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients",
abstract = "After stroke, arm function can be limited by a reduction in the selectivity of movements, due to involuntary coupling of shoulder abduction and elbow flexion, limiting the ability to reach. Gravity compensation reduces the required active shoulder abduction torques, which results in a larger range of motion instantaneously. However, the effect of a longer-term application of gravity compensation on functional reach is largely unknown. Integration of a motivating rehabilitation game in the training program stimulates motor relearning processes during training. During 6 weeks, 8 chronic stroke patients received 3 sessions of 30 minutes gravity compensated reach training per week using a rehabilitation game, which was evaluated by assessing motor status and reach performance before and after training. After gravity compensation training, reach distance and direction had improved in a majority of chronic stroke patients. The present findings indicate that gravity compensation in combination with rehab games can be a valuable training modality for stroke rehabilitation.",
keywords = "IR-76478, METIS-276775, chronic stroke patients, Stroke rehabilitation, elbow flexion, motor relearning processes, Arm function, BSS-Biomechatronics and rehabilitation technology, EWI-19874, reach performance, shoulder abduction, Gravity compensation training",
author = "Prange, {Grada Berendina} and T. Krabben and G.J. Renzenbrink and {de Boer}, Jan and Hermens, {Hermanus J.} and M.J.A. Jannink",
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Prange, GB, Krabben, T, Renzenbrink, GJ, de Boer, J, Hermens, HJ & Jannink, MJA 2009, An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients. in 11th IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009. IEEE, pp. 867-872, IEEE 11th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009, Kyoto, Japan, 23/06/09. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2009.5209537

An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients. / Prange, Grada Berendina; Krabben, T.; Renzenbrink, G.J.; de Boer, Jan; Hermens, Hermanus J.; Jannink, M.J.A.

11th IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009. IEEE, 2009. p. 867-872.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Prange GB, Krabben T, Renzenbrink GJ, de Boer J, Hermens HJ, Jannink MJA. An explorative study into changes in reach performance after gravity compensation training in chronic stroke patients. In 11th IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2009. IEEE. 2009. p. 867-872 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2009.5209537