An inkjet-printed polysaccharide matrix for on-chip sample preparation in point-of-care cell counting chambers

Xichen Zhang, Dorothee Wasserberg, Christian Breukers, Bridgette J. Connell, Pauline J. Schipper, Joost van Dalum, Ellen Baeten, Dorine van den Blink, Andries C. Bloem, Monique Nijhuis, Annemarie M.J. Wensing, Leon W.M.M. Terstappen, Markus Beck*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

On-chip sample preparation in self-contained microfluidic devices is a key element to realize simple, low-cost, yet reliablein vitrodiagnostics that can be carried out at the point-of-care (POC) with minimal training requirements by unskilled users. To address this largely unmet POC medical need, we have developed an optimized polysaccharide matrix containing the reagents which substantially improves our fully printed POC CD4 counting chambers for the monitoring of HIV patients. The simply designed counting chambers allow for capillary-driven filling with unprocessed whole blood. We carefully tailored a gellan/trehalose matrix for deposition by inkjet printing, which preserves the viability of immunostains during a shelf life of at least 3 months and enables controlled antibody release for intense and homogeneous immunofluorescent cell staining throughout the complete 60 mm2image area within 30 min. Excellent agreement between CD4 counts obtained from our fully printed CD4 counting chambers and the gold standard, flow cytometry, is demonstrated using samples both from healthy donors and HIV-infected patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18062-18072
Number of pages11
JournalRSC advances
Volume10
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2020

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