An Integrative Model of Social Identification: Self-Stereotyping and Self-Anchoring as Two Cognitive Pathways

Ruth van Veelen, Sabine Otten, Mara Cadinu, Nina Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)
303 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Social identification denotes individuals’ psychological bond with their ingroup. It is an indispensable construct in research on intragroup and intergroup dynamics. Today’s understanding of social identification is firmly grounded in self-stereotyping principles (i.e., assimilation to the ingroup prototype). However, we argue for a more integrative approach to understand social identification, including a more prominent role for the personal self. We present the Integrative Model of Social Identification (IMSI) and postulate that there are two cognitive pathways to self–group overlap that can simultaneously yet distinctly explain social identification: self-stereotyping and self-anchoring (i.e., projection of personal self onto ingroup). We review different theoretical and methodological approaches to both processes and integrate them into one model. Subsequently, we empirically demonstrate the positive relationship between self-stereotyping, self-anchoring, and identification in various group contexts and individuals. In sum, our model highlights the dynamic interplay of personal and social self as cornerstones of social identification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-26
JournalPersonality and social psychology review
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • IR-99272
  • METIS-315518

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