In the literature it has been argued that Europeanization activities in higher education are likely to reshape national higher education policies and lead to policy and institutional convergence in varying degrees. As a result of the tightening of transnational linkages and the rapid consolidation of joint policy-making platforms such as the Bologna Process it is assumed that nation states will be prompted to reconfigure existing policy frameworks and historically embedded practices. Various authors have also argued that the Europeanization of higher education, and most prominently the Bologna Process, may have a transformative impact on institutions of governance, even though the main action lines aim to transform the core activities of universities rather than national institutional settings for higher education. In this article we will examine very current developments in higher education governance in two eastern European countries – Lithuania and Bulgaria – and to what extent those developments were shaped by the Bologna reform. With regard to the transformation of the state, we analyze to what extent the state has moved away from a model of state-centered policy design and control to a model of governance based on what Neave (1998) coined as the “evaluative state”. To do so, we will look, in particular, at funding policy and the emergence of a system of quality assurance. To conclude, we examine whether the governance patterns of both countries have converged and address to what extent the Bologna Process has increased policy similarity, while seeking to identify the factors accounting for potential variations.
|Number of pages||33|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Aug 2011|
|Event||6th ECPR General Conference 2011 - University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland|
Duration: 24 Aug 2011 → 27 Aug 2011
|Conference||6th ECPR General Conference 2011|
|Period||24/08/11 → 27/08/11|