Analysis of Carrier-Based PWM Patterns for a Three-Phase Five-Level Bidirectional Buck $+$Boost-Type Rectifier

Lisandra Kittel Ries, Thiago Batista Soeiro, Márcio Silveira Ortmann, Marcelo Lobo Heldwein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes three different carrier-based modulation patterns applied to a three-phase high-power-factor-corrected (PFC) five-level buck+boost-type converter acting as an interface between dc distribution systems and an ac grid. The modulation is analyzed employing the space vectors theory so that the achievable performance is demonstrated. The main advantage of the analyzed modulation strategy is its simplicity, which makes it suitable for digital signal controller (DSC) implementations. This seems straightforward for voltage source converters, but is a challenge for current-multilevel converters that typically employ field-programmable gate array devices to achieve better harmonic distortion performance. This is due to modern power electronics DSCs being typically designed for other converter topologies. The power converter is constructed with two phase-shift-modulated six-switch buck-type PFC converters, paralleled by interphase transformers, and an inverting circuit. The system features: bidirectional current carrying capability; relatively low parts count; high utilization of the semiconductors; and low current and voltage ripple at its terminals. The principle of operation, detailed description, analysis of the modulation strategy, and dimensioning equations for three different power circuit realizations are described in this paper assuming the analyzed modulation patterns. The feasibility of the presented converter is demonstrated by means of a constructed hardware prototype.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7593374
Pages (from-to)6005-6017
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Switches
  • Semiconductor diodes
  • Topology
  • Pulse width modulation
  • Performance evaluation
  • Voltage control
  • n/a OA procedure


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