Analysis of Lightweight Cryptographic Algorithms on IoT Hardware Platforms

Mohammed El-hajj, Ahmad Fadlallah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)


Highly constrained devices that are interconnected and interact to complete a task are being used in a diverse range of new fields. The Internet of Things (IoT), cyber-physical systems, distributed control systems, vehicular systems, wireless sensor networks, tele-medicine, and smart grid are a few examples of these fields. In any of these contexts, security and privacy might be essential aspects. Research on secure communication in Internet of Things (IoT) networks is a highly contested topic. One method for ensuring secure data transmission is cryptography. Since IoT devices have limited resources, such as power, memory, and batteries, IoT networks have boosted the term “lightweight cryptography”. Algorithms for lightweight cryptography are designed to efficiently protect data while using minimal resources. In this research work, we evaluate and benchmark lightweight symmetric ciphers for resource-constrained devices. The evaluation is performed using two widely used platform: Arduino and Raspberry PI. In the first part, we implement 39 block ciphers on an ATMEGA328p micro-controller and analyze them in terms of speed, cost, and energy efficiency during encryption and decryption for different block and key sizes. In the second part, the 2 nd round NIST candidates (80 stream and block cipher algorithms) were added to the first part ciphers in a comprehensive analysis for equivalent block and key sizes in terms of latency and energy efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 32nd International Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ITNAC)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-7103-9
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2023
Event32nd International Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference, ITNAC 2022 - Wellington, New Zealand
Duration: 30 Nov 20222 Dec 2022
Conference number: 32


Conference32nd International Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference, ITNAC 2022
Abbreviated titleITNAC 2022
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand


  • IoT
  • Arduino
  • Constrained devices
  • lightweight cryptography
  • Raspberry PI


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