Analysis of the rate of convergence of fully connected deep neural network regression estimates with smooth activation function

Sophie Langer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article contributes to the current statistical theory of deep neural networks (DNNs). It was shown that DNNs are able to circumvent the so-called curse of dimensionality in case that suitable restrictions on the structure of the regression function hold. In most of those results the tuning parameter is the sparsity of the network, which describes the number of non-zero weights in the network. This constraint seemed to be the key factor for the good rate of convergence results. Recently, the assumption was disproved. In particular, it was shown that simple fully connected DNNs can achieve the same rate of convergence. Those fully connected DNNs are based on the unbounded ReLU activation function. In this article we extend the results to smooth activation functions, i.e., to the sigmoid activation function. It is shown that estimators based on fully connected DNNs with sigmoid activation function also achieve the minimax rates of convergence (up to lnn-factors). In our result the number of hidden layers is fixed, the number of neurons per layer tends to infinity for sample size tending to infinity and a bound for the weights in the network is given.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104695
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of multivariate analysis
Volume182
Issue numberC
Early online date10 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

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