Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test

P. Spiesz, H.J.H. Brouwers

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Chloride ion diffusion coefficient in concrete is estimated very often by using electromigration tests, among which the Rapid Chloride Migration (RCM) test is becoming more and more popular. Nevertheless, this test receives much criticism due to lacks in its scientific background. In this paper the theoretical background of the RCM test is critically evaluated in order to show the weak points. Chloride concentration profiles measured after the migration tests give serious evidence of oversimplification of the chloride transport model adopted in the RCM test as they are substantially different from the theoretical ones. Besides this, foregoing research unveils that the chloride ion diffusion coefficients obtained from the traditional non-steady-state diffusion test and from the RCM test are correlated but not identical. As concluded in this paper, the chloride transport model currently adopted for the RCM test should be modified with the non-linear chloride binding isotherm and nonequilibrium between the concentrations of free and bound chlorides. With these phenomenon included, the diffusivity of chlorides obtained from the RCM test should have a new and correct meaning.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
    EditorsGregor Fisher, Metta Rica Geiker, Ole Hededal, Lisbeth M. Ottosen, Henrik Stang
    Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby, Denmark
    PublisherDTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark
    Pages605-610
    ISBN (Print)9788778773012
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2010
    Event8th FIB International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering 2010 - Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
    Duration: 20 Jun 201023 Jun 2010

    Conference

    Conference8th FIB International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering 2010
    CountryDenmark
    CityKgs. Lyngby
    Period20/06/1023/06/10

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    migration
    criticism
    lack
    evidence

    Keywords

    • METIS-268394

    Cite this

    Spiesz, P., & Brouwers, H. J. H. (2010). Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test. In G. Fisher, M. R. Geiker, O. Hededal, L. M. Ottosen, & H. Stang (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark (pp. 605-610). Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark: DTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark.
    Spiesz, P. ; Brouwers, H.J.H. / Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test. Proceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. editor / Gregor Fisher ; Metta Rica Geiker ; Ole Hededal ; Lisbeth M. Ottosen ; Henrik Stang. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark : DTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark, 2010. pp. 605-610
    @inproceedings{7708de78dcbc46a19ac157ca913f89c1,
    title = "Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test",
    abstract = "Chloride ion diffusion coefficient in concrete is estimated very often by using electromigration tests, among which the Rapid Chloride Migration (RCM) test is becoming more and more popular. Nevertheless, this test receives much criticism due to lacks in its scientific background. In this paper the theoretical background of the RCM test is critically evaluated in order to show the weak points. Chloride concentration profiles measured after the migration tests give serious evidence of oversimplification of the chloride transport model adopted in the RCM test as they are substantially different from the theoretical ones. Besides this, foregoing research unveils that the chloride ion diffusion coefficients obtained from the traditional non-steady-state diffusion test and from the RCM test are correlated but not identical. As concluded in this paper, the chloride transport model currently adopted for the RCM test should be modified with the non-linear chloride binding isotherm and nonequilibrium between the concentrations of free and bound chlorides. With these phenomenon included, the diffusivity of chlorides obtained from the RCM test should have a new and correct meaning.",
    keywords = "METIS-268394",
    author = "P. Spiesz and H.J.H. Brouwers",
    year = "2010",
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    pages = "605--610",
    editor = "Gregor Fisher and Geiker, {Metta Rica} and Ole Hededal and Ottosen, {Lisbeth M.} and Henrik Stang",
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    Spiesz, P & Brouwers, HJH 2010, Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test. in G Fisher, MR Geiker, O Hededal, LM Ottosen & H Stang (eds), Proceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. DTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, pp. 605-610, 8th FIB International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering 2010, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, 20/06/10.

    Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test. / Spiesz, P.; Brouwers, H.J.H.

    Proceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. ed. / Gregor Fisher; Metta Rica Geiker; Ole Hededal; Lisbeth M. Ottosen; Henrik Stang. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark : DTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark, 2010. p. 605-610.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test

    AU - Spiesz, P.

    AU - Brouwers, H.J.H.

    PY - 2010/6/20

    Y1 - 2010/6/20

    N2 - Chloride ion diffusion coefficient in concrete is estimated very often by using electromigration tests, among which the Rapid Chloride Migration (RCM) test is becoming more and more popular. Nevertheless, this test receives much criticism due to lacks in its scientific background. In this paper the theoretical background of the RCM test is critically evaluated in order to show the weak points. Chloride concentration profiles measured after the migration tests give serious evidence of oversimplification of the chloride transport model adopted in the RCM test as they are substantially different from the theoretical ones. Besides this, foregoing research unveils that the chloride ion diffusion coefficients obtained from the traditional non-steady-state diffusion test and from the RCM test are correlated but not identical. As concluded in this paper, the chloride transport model currently adopted for the RCM test should be modified with the non-linear chloride binding isotherm and nonequilibrium between the concentrations of free and bound chlorides. With these phenomenon included, the diffusivity of chlorides obtained from the RCM test should have a new and correct meaning.

    AB - Chloride ion diffusion coefficient in concrete is estimated very often by using electromigration tests, among which the Rapid Chloride Migration (RCM) test is becoming more and more popular. Nevertheless, this test receives much criticism due to lacks in its scientific background. In this paper the theoretical background of the RCM test is critically evaluated in order to show the weak points. Chloride concentration profiles measured after the migration tests give serious evidence of oversimplification of the chloride transport model adopted in the RCM test as they are substantially different from the theoretical ones. Besides this, foregoing research unveils that the chloride ion diffusion coefficients obtained from the traditional non-steady-state diffusion test and from the RCM test are correlated but not identical. As concluded in this paper, the chloride transport model currently adopted for the RCM test should be modified with the non-linear chloride binding isotherm and nonequilibrium between the concentrations of free and bound chlorides. With these phenomenon included, the diffusivity of chlorides obtained from the RCM test should have a new and correct meaning.

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    SN - 9788778773012

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    BT - Proceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

    A2 - Fisher, Gregor

    A2 - Geiker, Metta Rica

    A2 - Hededal, Ole

    A2 - Ottosen, Lisbeth M.

    A2 - Stang, Henrik

    PB - DTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark

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    ER -

    Spiesz P, Brouwers HJH. Analysis of the theoretical model of the rapid chloride migration test. In Fisher G, Geiker MR, Hededal O, Ottosen LM, Stang H, editors, Proceedings of the 8th fib International PhD Symposium in Civil Engineering, 20-23 June 2010, kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark: DTU Byg, Technical University of Denmark. 2010. p. 605-610