Analysis of tracheostoma morphology

Maartje Leemans, Maarten J.A. van Alphen, Michiel W.M. van den Brekel, Edsko E.G. Hekman

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    2 Citations (Scopus)
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    Objectives: Existing fixation methods of automatic speaking valves (ASVs) suffer from shortcomings which partly are the result of insufficient conformity of the intratracheal fixation method’s shape to the tracheostoma anatomy. However, quantitative data are lacking and will be helpful to analyse solutions for airtight fixation. This article provides such data.

    Patients and methods: The tracheostoma morphology was measured in computerized tomography scans of 20 laryngectomized patients. Measured were transverse and sagittal diameters, transition angle between skin level and tracheostoma lumen and between the tracheostoma lumen to the trachea, TE valve placement and stoma depth.

    Results: The mean transverse and sagittal diameters of the stoma at the peristomal lip are 19.2 mm [standard deviation (SD 5.2 mm)] and 17.6 mm (SD 5.3 mm), respectively. The mean transition angles are 84.5° (SD 15.6°) at skin level and 153.6° (SD 11.7°) into the trachea. The mean distance between TE valve and peristomal lip is 13.5 mm (SD 7.0 mm). The mean stoma depth is 14.0 mm (SD 6.4 mm).

    Conclusions: Due to the large variation, no ‘average tracheostoma morphology’, suitable for shaping a generic intratracheal fixation device, can be defined. Therefore, providing an airtight fixation in each patient would require a large range of different sizes, customization or a new approach.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)997-1001
    JournalActa oto-laryngologica
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • Total laryngectomy
    • Tracheostoma anatomy
    • Tracheostoma geometry
    • Tracheostoma morphology
    • Automatic speaking valve
    • Heat-and-moisture exchange filter
    • Intratracheal fixation
    • Customized fixation


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