Analytical and Numerical Investigations on the Degradation of REBCO Based Superconducting Tapes under Bending

Ashok Kb*, Rijo Jacob Thomas, Jose Prakash Mathai, Arend Nijhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

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Second-generation high-temperature superconductors, being brittle, need to be deposited on a substrate and converted to tapes with additional reinforcement layers. These tapes are wound on a core to make superconducting wires and cables. The mechanical loads during bending, twisting, winding, etc., can degrade the superconductor. It is necessary to determine the strain-induced during these processes. Variations in induced strain with bending of superconductors have been investigated analytically and numerically for various configurations of Rare-Earth Barium Copper Oxide (REBCO) tape. The numerical simulation has been carried out using COMSOL Multiphysics software; the analytical examination of the effect has been performed applying the Flexure formula. The geometrical configuration of the superconducting tape is varied in terms of the bending radius, the thickness of constituting layers made of Hastelloy and copper. The results showed that the variation in the thickness of the substrate has a large influence on the induced strain. Electrical performance analysis is also carried out using the power law of strain dependence and the 5% critical current degradation point is noted. Results of these numerical and analytical investigations are expected to help in finding out critical parameters to avoid degradation while being in use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8400712
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number7
Early online date2 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Bending
  • CORC cable
  • high temperature superconductors
  • intrinsic axial strain
  • REBCO tapes


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