Animal models for tracheal research

E.J.O. ten Hallers, G. Rakhorst, H.A.M. Marres, J.A. Jansen, T.G. van Kooten, H.K. Schutte, J.P. van Loon, E.B. van der Houwen, G.J. Verkerke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


Tracheal research covers two main areas of interest: tracheal reconstruction and tracheal fixation. Tracheal reconstructions are aimed at rearranging or replacing parts of the tracheal tissue using implantation and transplantation techniques. The indications for tracheal reconstruction are numerous: obstructing tracheal tumors, trauma, post-intubation tissue reactions, etc. Although in the past years much progress has been made, none of the new developed techniques have resulted in clinical application at large scale. Tissue engineering is believed to be the technique to provide a solution for reconstruction of tracheal defects. Although developing functional tracheal tissue from different cultured cell types is still a challenge. Tracheal fixation research is relatively new in the field and concentrates on solving fixation-related problems for laryngectomized patients. In prosthetic voice rehabilitation tracheo-esophageal silicon rubber speech valves and tracheostoma valves are used. This is often accompanied by many complications. The animal models used for tracheal research vary widely and in most publications proper scientific arguments for animal selection are never mentioned. It showed that the choice on animal models is a multi-factorial process in which non-scientific arguments tend to play a key role. The aim of this study is to provide biomaterials scientists with information about tracheal research and the animal models used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1533-1543
Number of pages11
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Animal models
  • Tissue connector
  • Tissue engineering
  • Trachea fixation
  • Trachea reconstruction
  • Voice rehabilitation

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