Anisotropic monoblock model for computing AC loss in partially coupled Roebel cables

Simon Johan Otten*, Anna Urszula Kario, E. Demencik, Rainer Nast, Francesco Grilli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
28 Downloads (Pure)


When exposed to time-dependent magnetic fields, REBCO Roebel cables generate AC loss resulting from both magnetic hysteresis and induced inter-strand coupling currents. Until now, the AC loss has been computed in a two-dimensional approximation assuming fully coupled or decoupled strands, and a finite inter-strand resistance could be simulated only with three-dimensional models. In this work, we propose a homogenization procedure that reduces the three-dimensional geometry of the Roebel cable to two dimensions, without ignoring connections between the strands. The homogenized cable consists of two parallel 'monoblocks' with an anisotropic resistivity. The proposed model enables computation of AC coupling loss without the need for complex three-dimensional simulations. For experimental validation, a Roebel cable with soldered strands was prepared. The inter-strand resistance was determined by applying a transverse current and measuring the voltage profile. Additionally, the AC magnetization loss of the cable was measured in fields of 1 to 50 mT with frequencies of 1 to 2048 Hz using a calibration-free technique. With the measured inter-strand resistance as input parameter, the monoblock model gives a good estimate for the AC loss, even for conditions in which the coupling loss is dominant.
Original languageEnglish
Article number094013
JournalSuperconductor science and technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • hts coated conductors
  • ac losses
  • roebel cable
  • coupling losses


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