Aortic Curvature Is a Predictor of Late Type Ia Endoleak and Migration after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Richte C.L. Schuurmann*, Kim Van Noort, Simon P. Overeem, Kenneth Ouriel, William D. Jordan, Bart E. Muhs, Yannick T. Mannetje, Michel Reijnen, Bram Fioole, Çagdas Ünlü, Peter Brummel, Jean Paul P.M. De Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the association between aortic curvature and other preoperative anatomical characteristics and late (>1 year) type Ia endoleak and endograft migration in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) patients. Methods: Eight high-volume EVAR centers contributed 116 EVAR patients (mean age 81±7 years; 103 men) to the study: 36 patients (mean age 82±7 years; 31 men) with endograft migration and/or type Ia endoleak diagnosed >1 year after the initial EVAR and 80 controls without early or late complications. Aortic curvature was calculated from the preoperative computed tomography scan as the maximum and average curvature over 5 predefined aortic segments: the entire infrarenal aortic neck, aneurysm sac, and the suprarenal, juxtarenal, and infrarenal aorta. Other morphological characteristics included neck length, neck diameter, mural neck calcification and thrombus, suprarenal and infrarenal angulation, and largest aneurysm sac diameter. Independent risk factors were identified using backward stepwise logistic regression. Relevant cutoff values for each of the variables in the final regression model were determined with the receiver operator characteristic curve. Results: Logistic regression identified maximum curvature over the length of the aneurysm sac (>47 m-1; p=0.023), largest aneurysm sac diameter (>56 mm; p=0.028), and mural neck thrombus (>11° circumference; p<0.001) as independent predictors of late migration and type Ia endoleak. Conclusion: Aortic curvature is a predictor for late type Ia endoleak and endograft migration after EVAR. These findings suggest that aortic curvature is a better parameter than angulation to predict post-EVAR failure and should be included as a hostile neck parameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-417
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • aneurysm diameter
  • angulation
  • aortic curvature
  • aortic neck
  • complications
  • endovascular aneurysm repair
  • geometry
  • migration
  • mural thrombus
  • stent-graft
  • type Ia endoleak

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