The Oligocene Maniyara Fort Formation in western India exhibits two distinct glauconite types with different maturation states, which are characterized by their spectral response in the visible to infrared spectrum of electromagnetic radiation. Spectral signatures of Maniyara Fort glauconites display absorption features at approximately 0.77, 1.08, 1.9, 2.3 μm in the visible-short-wave infrared (SWIR) and 2.8 and 10 μm in the mid-infrared (MIR) region which vary with K 2O content of glauconite. The spectra of glauconite varies significantly as a function of its cationic contents and substitution in different sites. The maturity is found to increase in tandem with the metal–metal charge transfer (CT) and the Fe 2+ dd absorption band respectively at 1.08 and 0.77 μm. H 2O and OH − signatures at the NIR region reflect differences in the sensitivity of glauconites with different molecular H 2O content. In the MIR region, a gradual shift of the Si–O stretch at 10 μm towards lower wavelengths indicates the dominance of smectite layers in glauconites. This study demonstrates a strong correlation between the proportion of expandable layers in the glauconite structure with variations in characteristic band position, depth and symmetry in reflectance and emissivity.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation (JAG)|
|Early online date||23 Feb 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 2018|
- Expandable layers
- Glauconite maturity