Applying prosodic speech features in mental health care: An exploratory study in a life-review intervention for depression

Sanne M.A. Lamers, Khiet P. Truong, Bas Steunenberg, Franciska de Jong, Gerben J. Westerhof

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Abstract

The present study aims to investigate the application of prosodic speech features in a psychological intervention based on lifereview. Several studies have shown that speech features can be used as indicators of depression severity, but these studies are mainly based on controlled speech recording tasks instead of natural conversations. The present exploratory study investigated speech features as indicators of depression in conversations of a therapeutic intervention. The changes in the prosodic speech features pitch, duration of pauses, and total duration of the participant's speaking time were studied over four sessions of a life-review intervention for three older participants. The ecological validity of the dynamics observed for prosodic speech features could not be established in the present study. The changes in speech features differed from what can be expected in an intervention that is effective in decreasing depression and were inconsistent with each other for each of the participants. We suggest future research to investigate changes within the intervention sessions, to relate the changes in feature values to the topical content of the speech, and to relate the speech features directly to depression scores.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ACL Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality
Place of PublicationBaltimore, MD, USA
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Pages61-68
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-1-941643-16-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2014
EventACL Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology 2014: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality - Baltimore, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 201427 Jun 2014

Workshop

WorkshopACL Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology 2014
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore
Period27/06/1427/06/14

Keywords

  • IR-92303
  • METIS-305917
  • EWI-24846

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    Lamers, S. M. A., Truong, K. P., Steunenberg, B., de Jong, F., & Westerhof, G. J. (2014). Applying prosodic speech features in mental health care: An exploratory study in a life-review intervention for depression. In Proceedings of the ACL Workshop on Computational Linguistics and Clinical Psychology: From Linguistic Signal to Clinical Reality (pp. 61-68). Baltimore, MD, USA: Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). https://doi.org/10.3115/v1/W14-3208