Armed conflict and human behavior: a case study of the environmental management process in North Lebanon

Sahar Issa, Nivine Abbas, M.R. Nader, I. van der Molen, Jonathan Cranidge Lovett

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

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Abstract

This paper examines the variation in the effects of individuals’ vulnerability and trust on human behavior within five geographical areas (Akkar, Menieh, Tripoli, Koura, Batroun) along the northern coastline of Lebanon in the context of recurring armed conflict. Lebanon has been subject to regular episodes of armed conflict since 1975, with severe impacts on the social, economic, and political levels as well as on the environment. We argue that the episodes of armed conflict have increased individuals’ vulnerability and negatively affected citizens’ trust among themselves and between them and the stakeholders in the public sector at the national level involved in the environmental management process. The findings are based on 499 questionnaire surveys among citizens in the study area, 24 structured interviews with heads or representatives of heads of the villages and cities in the study area, and secondary literature including previous studies and official documents. The findings show spatial variation of citizens’ vulnerability to environmental damage caused by armed conflict. Citizens of Akkar, Menieh, and Tripoli show higher levels of vulnerability compared with citizens of Batroun and Koura. In addition, distrust between citizens themselves and between them and public sector stakeholders was one of the results of recurring armed conflict. Lack of trust between citizens and stakeholders of public sector is particularly relevant in environmental management in Lebanon.
Original languageEnglish
Pages-
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2014

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Lebanon
environmental management
citizen
vulnerability
public sector
stakeholder
environmental damage
social economics
village
questionnaire
lack
interview

Keywords

  • IR-92919
  • METIS-306844

Cite this

Issa, S., Abbas, N., Nader, M. R., van der Molen, I., & Lovett, J. C. (2014). Armed conflict and human behavior: a case study of the environmental management process in North Lebanon. -.
Issa, Sahar ; Abbas, Nivine ; Nader, M.R. ; van der Molen, I. ; Lovett, Jonathan Cranidge. / Armed conflict and human behavior: a case study of the environmental management process in North Lebanon.
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Issa, S, Abbas, N, Nader, MR, van der Molen, I & Lovett, JC 2014, 'Armed conflict and human behavior: a case study of the environmental management process in North Lebanon' pp. -.

Armed conflict and human behavior: a case study of the environmental management process in North Lebanon. / Issa, Sahar; Abbas, Nivine; Nader, M.R.; van der Molen, I.; Lovett, Jonathan Cranidge.

2014. -.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

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