Artificial feedback for remotely supervised training of motor skills

Henk van Dijk, Hermanus J. Hermens

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    Electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback can be used to train motor functions at a distance, which makes therapy at home a possibility. To enable patients to train properly without the presence of a therapist, artificial feedback is considered essential. We studied the combined effect of age and timing of artificial feedback on training muscle relaxation in 32 healthy subjects (younger: 20-35 years; older: 55-70 years). All subjects improved their performance significantly (F = 6.1, P<0.001). The effect of different timing of feedback (feedback provided during or after performance) was similar in young and older adults. However, this conclusion should be interpreted with caution owing to the small sample size. It can be argued that the artificial feedback used was too complicated for older adults to interpret. When designing remotely supervised treatment programmes, one should consider carefully the way that artificial feedback is being applied as it may enable (elderly) subjects to train without the presence of a therapist.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)50-52
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of telemedicine and telecare
    Issue number10/suppl 1
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006


    • EWI-8284
    • IR-71311
    • METIS-237655

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