Artificial-reflex stimulation for FES-induced standing with minimum quadriceps force

A.J. Mulder, H.B.K. Boom, H.J. Hermens, G. Zilvold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
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A control strategy is proposed to decrease quadriceps activity during standing. Modified on/off (or artificial reflex) control is used: a non-numerical or finite-state control scheme based on feedback of knee angle and angular velocity. The control strategy is evaluated in paraplegic patients in an experimental setup using transcutaneous stimulation. The stability of the system and its sensitivity to various control parameters are determined. It is concluded that the control scheme will enable reduction of muscle force independent of additional mechanical bracing or specific posture, and may result in continuous dynamic activation of muscle.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalMedical & biological engineering & computing
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1990


  • Stabilisation of knee joint
  • Standing
  • Paraplegia
  • Functional Electrical Stimulation
  • Artificial reflex control


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